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National/international Associations

LASN invited a selection of national and international associations to send information pivotal to landscape architects. Here are their reports.

American Fence Association

From Christina Rosell, O'Neill Communications

The AFA is pleased to announce two new division: The Vinyl Fence, Deck and Railing Manufacturer's Association (VFDRMA) and Composite Fence, Deck and Railing manufacturer's Association (CFDRMA, who will provide focused programs, education and services to their respective segments. We are looking forward to the 45th Annual Trade Show and Convention, FenceTech '07, in January in Orlando, Florida.

Vinyl, which has become enormously popular as a fencing material, has gained even more market share with new privacy fence styles, and vinyl decking is doing well, too. New innovations include more color options than the traditional white. Composite lumber, which combines wood and plastic to create a long-lasting, rot-resistant building material, has been used in decking for a while, and is now entering the fence market, as well. Both vinyl and composite fence and deck products retain their beauty with very little maintenance.

While designing landscapes for high security industrial and commercial sites, a number of new, more attractive and secure options are available in welded and ornamental styles as well.

American Planning Association

By W. Paul Farmer, FAICP, Executive Director and CEO

APA is the nation's oldest and largest association dedicated to the promotion of good planning that creates communities of lasting value. Our 41,500 members include professional planners, planning commissioners, and engaged citizens interested in shaping the vision for the future of their communities. They are involved, in the private sector and at all levels of government, in formulating and implementing plans that engage citizens in a thoughtful and careful process designed to create a blueprint for the future. These plans reflect local values, promote wise stewardship of resources, increase choices for how we work, live and play, and enhance local quality of life.

In FY'06, like many other national associations, APA and its members responded with both personal and institutional resources to help the people affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita get back on their feet and start the process of rebuilding stronger, more resilient communities. We immediately posted numerous resources online to help guide the rebuilding process, including model plans, planning tools, sample ordinances and lessons learned from other natural disasters. (See On September 19, 2005, we held a nationwide webconference on disaster recovery and offered it for free to all planners in the Gulf region. Less than a month later, we organized a special Planning for Recovery workshop in conjunction with our Louisiana Chapter's annual meeting. Open to planners across the Gulf, this program brought together a faculty of international experts and provided hands-on training in the use of web-based data and geographic information systems (GIS).

In November '05, at the request of Governor Blanco and the Louisiana Recovery Authority, we joined with AIA, ASCE, and the National Trust in organizing the Louisiana Recovery and Rebuilding Conference, helping over 600 citizens from the affected parishes craft principles to guide the redevelopment of their communities. That same month, we sent a five person team of planning professionals to New Orleans to evaluate and make recommendations concerning the revival of the city's planning functions.

Our work to assist Gulf coast communities—and to help all American communities better withstand and recover from other disasters - has continued throughout 2006 and will continue into the future. We have advised elected and philanthropic leaders on their recovery assistance programs, sent Planning Assistance Teams to Mandeville, La., and Henderson Point, MS, and worked with both parties in Congress to shape legislation that will reform FEMA and strengthen local governments' ability to undertake disaster mitigation and redevelopment planning. We have continued to provide excellent educational programs and publications on all types of disaster-related planning, including our acclaimed series of Planning Advisory Reports, a special track on disaster planning at our 2006 national conference, and co-sponsorship with ICMA, NACO, the NLC and others of the Restoration 2006 conference in New Orleans.

Last year's hurricanes coincided with APA's first "Supertopic" focus on Safe Growth, linking smart growth principles and tools with a community's responsibility to protect residents from crime and natural disasters. In 2006, we have launched our second Supertopic on Housing Choice and Affordability. Over the next 18-24 months we will marshal APA's resources to help our members and the communities they serve find practical solutions to the alarming dearth of affordable housing, which threatens the health of millions of American families and the economic viability of both rural and urban regions. With support from the Fannie Mae Foundation, we have already posted an Affordable Housing Reader on our web site, offering a compendium of over 100 articles on this topic. (See This fall, we are releasing a related study on Integrating Planning and Public Health and also launching a national high school essay contest focusing on affordable housing.

Other new initiatives in FY'06 include the designation of October as National Community Planning Month, providing our members - and allied groups - an opportunity to raise awareness of the many benefits that good planning brings to neighborhoods, towns, cities, and regions across the country. We have also started an annual L'Enfant Lecture on City Planning and Design to bring the best thinking of national and international leaders to bear on challenges currently facing U.S. communities. In the international realm, APA is helping planners and government officials in the People's Republic of China grapple with the tremendous need for planning in that rapidly urbanizing country. Together with our fellow professional societies around the world, we have also organized the Global Planners Network. Launched at the World Planners Congress in Vancouver this past summer, just prior to the World Urban Forum, the Network will promote cross-border sharing of best practices and stimulate innovative solutions to many of the pressing societal problems faced by earth's growing population. (See

We encourage readers of Landscape Architect and Specifier News to join members of APA in crafting and implementing these solutions in the year to come. Visit for more information about our upcoming national conference in Philadelphia (April, 2007), our popular series of webcasts, and our award-winning publications.

CELA Report

The Council of Educators in Landscape Architecture is composed of virtually all of the programs of landscape architecture in the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The officers of CELA serve on a purely voluntary basis. They select outstanding educators for recognition and an annual conference is held each fall to focus on recent research and scholarship. The 2007 conference will be hosted by Penn State.

First Class of CELA Fellows (2006):

  • Karen Hanna, Dean, School of Environmental Design at Cal Poly Pomona since 2003. Her previous positions include heading the Department of Landscape Architecture & Environmental Planning at Utah State University and the Department of Landscape Architecture at the University of Arkansas. Karen served as President of CELA in 2001-2002 and Vice President of Education for ASLA from 2003-2005. While President of CELA, she oversaw the effort to complete a strategic planning process for the organization. In 2003, Karen became a Fellow of ASLA.
  • William Grundmann is an Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture at Iowa State University. His teaching has focused on design studios, many of which have been community outreach studios. Bill is Secretary of CELA and editor of CELA's Forum quarterly newsletter. In 2001 he received CELA's President's award for exemplary service and in 2005 he received his second President's Award for a decade of service to CELA.
  • Cameron R.J. Man is professor and department head of the landscape architecture program at Mississippi State University. His lifetime achievements and contributions have made a unique and lasting impact on the welfare of the public and the environment. He has served the profession as President of the British Columbia Society of Landscape Architects, the Manitoba Association of Landscape Architects, the Mississippi Chapter of ASLA, national ASLA, Landscape Architecture Foundation and CELA (two different terms).
  • Darrel G. Morrison began his academic career at the University of Wisconsin and served as the landscape architecture chair there from 1978 to 1981. From there he went to the University of Georgia as Dean from 1983-2002. He is now professor and dean emeritus. His teaching, research and creative activities have centered around ecologically based design with a particular emphasis on native plant communities. Darrel Morrison was instrumental in establishing Landscape Journal, which he co-edited from 1981-1987. Darrel Morrison is also a fellow of ASLA.
  • James Palmer joined the faculty of the landscape architecture department at SUNY in 1980 and reached the rank of professor before retiring in 2005. In 2002, Jim received SUNY's Chancellor's Award. He was elected a Fellow of ASLA in 2003. In service to CELA, Jim was co-editor of Landscape Journal from 2002-2006 where he was largely responsible for revitalizing the journal.
  • Robert B. Riley has academic degrees in the liberal arts and architecture and only came to landscape architecture later in his career. Bob was head of the landscape architecture program at the University of Illinois and still teaches there. Bob co-authored the first CELA policy on tenure and later served as CELA's President. He has received CELA's Distinguished Educator Award as well as the President's Award. He was also editor of Landscape Journal for 8 years.
  • Gary O. Robinette taught at the University of Wisconsin in Madison from 1965-1988 and at the University of Texas at Arlington from 1988 to the present. In 2005 he received a UTA student ASLA Outstanding Educator Award. That same year, he received a similar award from CELA. Gary was instrumental in doubling the number of landscape architecture programs in the U.S. between 1969 and 1974 during his tenure with ASLA. He was also instrumental in ASLA receiving recognition from the U.S. Office of Education as the accrediting body for the field.
  • Janice Cervelli Schach is a Fellow of ASLA, is Dean of the College of Architecture, Arts and Humanities at Clemson University, Director of Clemson University's Restoration Institute, and a professor of landscape architecture. She has served as President of ASLA and President of CELA. Jan is also serving as technical advisor to a national coalition of professional organizations conducting restoration of the Gulf Coast following Hurricane Katrina.
  • Ronald Royce Stoltz is the director and professor of the School of Landscape Architecture at the University of Arizona. Prior to this position, he was director and professor at the University of Guelph. Ron has received numerous university teaching and educational leadership awards. He as received numerous community and professional awards as well. He has served as CELA's regional board member and was President Elect and then President from 1991-1992. In 2003 he received the CELA President's Award for service to the organization.
  • Joanne M. Westphal is professor in the landscape architecture program at Michigan State University. She has numerous academic degrees: BS in Biology; MS in Soil Science; Ph.D. in Soil Science; MA in Landscape Architecture; plus she is a licensed physician in the State of Michigan. Joanne has also served as President of CELA, 1999-2000; served on the Education Board of Landscape Journal; served on the President's Council of ASLA, CELA, LAF and CLARB; and she is currently a member of LAAB. Joanne also has an active practice in the area of therapeutic site design.

--Biographies prepared by Claudia Goetz Phillips, Ph.D., ASLA

CLARB: Improvements to the LARE

By Clarence L. Chaffee, Executive Director

In 2005, there was a fairly significant decline--just between 10 to 14 percent-- in people taking the LARE exam. However, the CLARB started full computerization of multiple choice and changed the schedule with all sections not necessarily given at the same time. This apparently threw off the rhythm for awhile. Now, beginning in April 2006, several improvements were made to the LARE. Graphic sections C and E are now shorter in length, containing four vignettes each. Also, candidates will now have an additional 15 minutes to complete the vignette problems. The number of questions and time limits for Sections A, B and D remain the same with only slight changes to the content and titles.

This year candidate volumes came back up for April multiple choice, so the slight decline may have been a blip. Graphic sections came back somewhat but not as high as 2004.

Late last year CLARB unveiled a new online tool, the LARE Adviser, that allows candidates with the ability to determine how to sign up for the appropriate sections of LARE. This online tool takes information about a candidate's education, experience, applicant test section and testing state to determine the proper registration path for that candidate. It can be accessed at, by selecting Examinations--Getting Started.

Interlocking Concrete Paving Institute Supports LID Strategies

By Rali Mileva,

Now working their way into local development regulations, low impact development (LID) approaches are spreading quickly across the U.S. Their adoption represents a shift away from stormwater detention/retention to working with natural processes in land development that decrease pollution and related public costs. An increasing number of cities embrace LID as they no longer can continue to bear rising costs of managing stormwater runoff and energy-related urban heat island costs from an ever-expanding area of impervious cover--roofs, parking lots and streets. On-site infiltration is a LID pillar that helps restore groundwater recharge for thirsty cities, reduce property loss from downstream erosion and flooding, and create cooler, more-energy efficient, livable cities. Site-scale LID infiltration technologies that mimic natural process present some of the most cost-effective approaches.

A growing LID technology is permeable interlocking concrete pavement (PICP). Experts on PICP from 17 countries presented papers and case studies on the latest research and experiences at the 8th International Conference on Concrete Block Paving - "Sustainable Paving for Our Future," in November 2006. Hosted by the Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute (ICPI) Foundation for Education & Research, the conference focused on PICP and LID benefits through reduced runoff and water pollution, cleaner air through pollutant-absorbing surface treatments, reduced urban heat island and electricity consumption through high reflectivity surfaces and evaporation.

Besides LID approaches, recent national and state legislation mandates the reduction of stormwater runoff and water pollution through best management practices (BMPs). Such practices can include street sweeping, detention ponds, green roofs, bioswales and permeable surfaces like PICP. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency designated PICP as a BMP and an increasing number of states have adopted this technology into their design manuals used by localities as guidance for compliance with the Clean Water Act and National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) regulations. An increasing number of cities restrict impervious cover and PICP is moving to the front as a means to satisfy local regulations. Older cities are looking at PICP as a way to reduce combined sewer overflows, i.e., storm and sanitary sewer discharges into rivers and lakes when rainstorms exceed waste treatment plant capacities.

ICPI members include producers, contractors, design professionals and consultants. ICPI promotes the highest product standards through ICPI product certification and installation guidelines through ICPI contractor certification. ICPI publishes the Interlocking Concrete Pavement Magazine, with marketing and technical resources for design professionals, contractors and homeowners.

IFLA: Eyes in Minneapolis and the Coming Together of IFLA and EFLA

By Teresa Andresen, EFLA President

IFLA World Council just took place in Minneapolis. This event taking place jointly with the ASLA Annual Meeting, followed the mandate received from EFLA (European Foundation for Landscape Architecture) 2005 General Assembly EFLA was accepted in IFLA as representing the European Region. This step as part of The Coming Together of IFLA and EFLA creates the opportunity for a more unified and effective voice for landscape architecture worldwide and naturally brings changes to our organizations.

The Coming Together of IFLA and EFLA was initiated in Paris, in February 2004, when Martha Fajardo and I met for the first time. We can say this has been a long journey of many steps. IFLA CR and EFLA have now been operating in a combined way for a year holding joint Executive Council meetings and implementing together various tasks and meetings.

We envision that as of 1 January 2007, EFLA becomes the European Region of IFLA. The World Council in Minneapolis will be followed by EFLA General Assembly, next November in Brussels.

2007 will be a year of adjustment and moving forward into the essence of the competencies, responsibilities and dreams of our profession. We have already experienced a serious and enriching learning period that places the European Region of IFLA - EFLA - ready for the new challenges.

Europe in many aspects is ahead in the implementation of environmental policies and in the struggle to reach a more sustainable and fair way of living for all. The Lisbon Agenda has set high standards for a competitive Europe in the days of globalisation. Such target not always goes easily with the implementation of environmental principles and sustainable development goals. Landscape architects cannot help but get engaged in the trend and try to contribute innovatively to make the difference. For EFLA working closer in a broader community as IFLA cannot help but to strengthen this aim.

For the past three years I had the privilege to know and work with Martha Fajardo, IFLA President. Her term in this position came to an end in Minneapolis. Martha Fajardo with her broad understanding of landscape architecture and the world has left a very significant imprint for our profession. She will go on contributing to our profession - free from the everyday chores of operating IFLA - and will continue to be an inspiration for us all. Thank you, Martha Fajardo!

IFLA will be now be lead by Diane Menzies from New Zealand. Diane is again another highly committed landscape architect. I had also the privilege to work with her from the very beginning of The Coming together of IFLA and EFLA as she was instrumental from the very first steps in Prague, in May 2004. We wish all the successes to Diane Menzies!

Low Voltage Lighting Institute of America Excellence, Distinction, and Rising Star ...

By Michele Swetesich, Executive Director

The Low Voltage Lighting Institute of the Americas (LVLIA) has announced the acceptance of project submissions for their 2007 Lighting Awards Program. This new program replaces the Awards of Distinction program of prior years providing a broader range of entry categories in turn creating more award opportunities.

The LVLIA Lighting Awards Program is designed to recognize outstanding individual professional accomplishment and excellence in design and installation techniques. The award winners are judged against projects submitted from lighting contractors throughout North America. Winning entries are determined based on various criteria including design creativity and techniques, project implementation, technical specifications, and overall continuity.

The new awards program includes recognition in various categories and sub-categories such as contractor experience level, project size, and residential/commercial status of the project. Winning entries will be announced at the 2007 LVLIA Annual Conference in Scottsdale, Arizona during the conference banquet. Award winners will receive a handsome award plaque acknowledging their achievements along with industry and public recognition that accompany such accomplishments.

For more information on the LVLIA visit our website at

Partner's for Livable Communities

By Robert McNulty, President

An Overview--Partners for Livable Communities revisits the word "livable" around changing conditions in the American community. We have been advancing Aging in Place for some years now, and we think the country is beginning to catch up with the concept that this growing older population, a true demographic tidal wave, will need to have communities comprehensively redesigned, retrofitted around their transportation, housing, culture, economics, health care and civic needs. A community that has the will to see some of its most important assets, i.e. older citizens who vote more regularly, have greater disposable income, and are still fit and willing to work in a flex time, will adjust their community resources to better serve this civic population.

Partners is keenly interested in the wellness agenda in relation to health care prevention, anti-smoking, reduction of alcohol abuse, concerns with obesity, sedentary lifestyle, or genetic predisposition to diabetes such as now being seen in the Asian/Pacific population. How can every resource within our community from health care to recreation to arts and culture to new urbanism be mobilized to affect a massive, comprehensive, on-going agenda of trying to rescue our population from the perils of poor health, the horrendous societal costs of health care and our uninsured and underinsured population. We believe that a hospital can be repositioned as a wellness center, where people go not with their ills but when they are well and wish to continue to stay well. We think that libraries can play an important role as a health point. We think the faith community has a role to play, particularly in inner-city neighborhoods that can blend both fellowship and health.

We are clearly interested in the concept of reinventing the turn of the century Cities Beautiful movement around sustainability i.e. greening; not just green in terms of planting, but of energy, storm water retention, air quality, noise abatement and seek to begin a discussion among civic organizations to restart the City Beautiful in communities across America, updated one hundred years later to one that deals with sustainability, smart growth, energy and water conservation and other issues that are now being looked at piecemeal by various segments of our communities.

We are particularly interested in the skills that landscape architects and sculptors are applying to what used to be called the infrastructure of our community. We believe that bridges, landfills, roadways, incinerator plants can all benefit from the talent of the designer and the artist to be turned from minimum specification infrastructure to objects of beauty, reinforcing design as a tool of creating both livable, lovable and economically valuable communities.

Lastly, it is distressing to see so many people walk along the streets of our communities which need their visual attention, which need their criticism, which need their affection, having a plug in their ear connecting them to music or a phone jacked up against their ear, with their eyes not focused as critic of our built environment. It is time we took the phone off of our ear and the plug out of our ear and pay attention around us so that we could have a better informed public to reward quality and condemn ugliness in the American community.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation

By Virgil McDill, NTHP Communications Manager

The National Trust for Historic Preservation champions preservation by providing leadership, education, advocacy, and resources to people working to preserve, improve, and enjoy the places that matter to them. Working with state and local partner organizations, community leaders, public officials, and grassroots advocacy groups, the National Trust is part of a growing movement of committed individuals and organizations dedicated to saving America's historic places and cultural heritages.

Through annual national programs such as America's 11 Most Endangered Historic Places, Dozen Distinctive Destinations, and the Preservation Honor Awards, as well as regional and national grant programs, the National Trust is seeking to build a sustained preservation ethic in the United States.

In the late 1940s, leaders of the growing American preservation movement recognized a need for a national organization to provide support and encouragement for grassroots preservation efforts. To address this need, a group of interested citizens set to work on the establishment of a National Trust for Historic Preservation. Their efforts came to fruition when President Truman signed legislation creating the National Trust on October 26, 1949.

The founders envisioned an organization whose primary purpose would be the acquisition and administration of historic sites. True to this vision, in 1951 the Trust assumed responsibility for its first museum property: Woodlawn Plantation in northern Virginia. Other historic sites, ranging from the 18th-century Drayton Hall in South Carolina to three houses designed by famed architect Frank Lloyd Wright, have come into National Trust ownership over the years.

Outreach programs assumed increased importance as the organization grew and matured. To give timely hands-on assistance to grassroots preservationists, the Trust opened its first field office in San Francisco in 1971. Demonstration projects soon followed: the National Main Street Center, which emphasizes preservation as a tool for revitalizing traditional business districts, was established in 1980; Community Partners, which employs a similar approach in historic residential neighborhoods, began its work in 1994. Other special programs focus on rural preservation (1979), heritage tourism (1989) and statewide organization development (1994).

Education has always been at the core of the Trust's work. Publication of Historic Preservation magazine (now retitled Preservation) began in 1952. The first Preservation Honor Awards, recognizing individuals, organizations, and projects that represent the best in preservation, were presented in 1971. The Trust has sponsored the annual nationwide celebration of Preservation Week (now Preservation Month) since 1973. The yearly list of America's 11 Most Endangered Historic Places, first issued in 1988, has become a highly effective means of spotlighting treasures in trouble and rallying efforts to save them.

U.S. Green Building Council: Collaboration for Transformation

Rick Fedrizzi, President, CEO and Founding Chairman U.S. Green Building Council

The end of the year is usually a time to reflect upon the successes of the last 12 months. But what stands out for me as I think about 2006 is not what we have already accomplished; instead, I am struck by all that we can accomplish in 2007. There's no denying that we have made tremendous progress towards transforming the built environment--look no further than the green roofs growing on buildings all across the country for proof--but acknowledging our success also means recognizing how far we have to go. Green building has never been more important to the future of our environment and our communities, and we have never had greater opportunities to truly make green building mainstream practice.

Since its founding in 1993, USGBC's focus has been on immediate, measurable results: on giving people and organizations the tools they need to have a real and meaningful impact on environmental, human, and economic health. One of our most important initiatives for the coming year is the development of LEED "Version 3.0", which will harmonize and align the different versions of the LEED rating system and incorporate advances such as Lifecycle assessment and bioregional weighting. LEED v3 will also be marked by the introduction of a continuous improvement process that will enable us to respond seamlessly to the market's evolving needs. At the same time that we are pushing the leading edge with LEED v3, we are co-sponsoring with ASHRAE and IESNA (the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America) the development of Standard 189, a new minimum standard for high performance building that will help to drive green building practice into the mainstream.

The key to the evolution of green building is recognizing that buildings are more than physical structures. With LEED for Homes and LEED for Neighborhood Development, USGBC will address buildings within the larger context of landscapes and communities. The recognition that buildings are inextricable from our infrastructure is also the key to our efforts on global climate change. Among other programs, USGBC is engaging the World Green Building Council as a partner in the Clinton Climate Initiative to support green building programs in the 40 largest cities in the world, and is working with the City of Seattle, the City of Grand Rapids, and Enterprise Community Partners on the creation of a "Green Print" toolkit for use by the 250+ cities that have signed the Mayor's Climate Protection Agreement.

Our new educational programs reflect the growing diversity of the green building industry. The Education Providers Program will expand the menu of available courses for professionals in all disciplines, and we've launched new LEED Professional Accreditation "tracks" for interior design and facility management. Via partnerships with Tuner Construction, Adobe, and Buildings magazine, we have also developed new online courses to make green building education even more accessible.

The common thread in these initiatives is collaboration. Transformation is not a unilateral endeavor; rather it will be the result of many sectors and interests coming together around our shared goals and common mission. We look forward to working with ASLA, its members, and our colleagues from throughout the building industry in 2007 and beyond to realize our vision of a healthy, sustainable, and prosperous future.

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December 9, 2019, 10:22 am PDT

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